The Debate on H.R. 38

As many of you have heard the U.S. House of Representatives passed both National Reciprocity and Fix NICS this week.

You can find the full text Here and following my commentary in it’s entirety.

National Reciprocity is something the Firearms Community has been chasing for a long time but it has been my observation that the passage has been very divisive and has put a schism in our industry where voices are drawing battle lines and are handily throwing out the titles amounting to “2A Traitors” to many including the National Rifle Association.

My honest question is why?

Why, when we are close to National Reciprocity, are we drawing battle lines over Fix NICS inclusion and the Bump Stock Study? What is there to gain through the legal opposition of this Bill?

That’s why the text is below. I don’t want hearsay. I want an understanding, if any is to be had, of the legal weaknesses in Fix NICS or the Study prescribed by this Bill based on the text.

Because I can’t find any of the following, all of which have been shouted across the internet as reasons to appose:

  • A change or addition in the definition of “Prohibited Persons”. Fix NICS has been challenged as violating the 2nd Amendment for potentially thousands to millions depending on where you read or watch.
  • Defacto Bans Bump Stocks.
  • National Gun Confiscation
  • National Gun Registry
  • The Four Horsemen of the Gunpacolypse

Okay with the tongue in cheek aside let me address the bullet points.

I can find no change in the definition of persons prohibited under the law. I can find a great deal of money being spent to increase reporting compliance and records keeping which many states, municipalities, and federal organizations (Air Force for example) are woefully behind on which results in firearms transfers that are illegal but the records didn’t match in everyone’s books. I’ll keep looking but unless I can find definition changes this seems like sensationalism.

Opposition arguments seem to coalesce around the NICS false positive rate and that adding more names to the database will proportionally increase those false positives and deny purchasers their firearms in error. I’ve seen this happen and it sucks. Fixing a false positive is also a nightmare. But none of the arguments seem to address the position that a better funded, more accountable, and more accurate NICS database (since legally we’re saddled with it) could produce fewer false positives despite the larger database.

Both positions are speculative at this point but the reality seems to be that per current law H.R. 38 would only add names that records show are supposed to be there already. Whether or not those records are accurate is another discussion, an important one but not in accordance with this question or position.

In my personal opinion NICS is as unconstitutional as the NFA but both are law. That’s the state of world today.

On Bump Stocks. I find no language promoting a ban, only commissioning a study on their use in crime. That data is useful and I agree with its analytical collection. Arguably Gun Control proponents will use the data towards a ban but equally true is that the data can be used in the device’s defense when combined with already appreciable data from around the industry.

On Gun Confiscation. We as an industry make a continual push to remind others that current law is not enforced in many many cases and that efforts should be made to increase our enforcement of those laws. The language contained indicates legal notification and any firearm recovery efforts would be initiated in the event a firearm was transferred and then the individual received a denial in NICS after Brady Transfer date. If the denial is valid or not falls under the same set of discussions we must have about false positives and prohibited persons.

As we know NICS is a far cry from the armed felon shield it is presented as by its proponents but we all certainly have a stake in its greatest accuracy and effectiveness as long as it remains in place.

Registry is nowhere in the language and mention seems to be most often a cookie cutter rhetorical point.

I like most of you will keep a close eye on this moving forward as there are still rapid opponents of National Reciprocity who would love to sabotage the benefits of this Bill. But as of the House Passing it it seems to be a net gain.

 

115th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                 H. R. 38

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
  To amend title 18, United States Code, to provide a means by which 
 nonresidents of a State whose residents may carry concealed firearms 
                      may also do so in the State.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act of 
2017''.

            TITLE I--CONCEALED CARRY RECIPROCITY ACT OF 2017

SEC. 101. RECIPROCITY FOR THE CARRYING OF CERTAIN CONCEALED FIREARMS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 926C the following:
``Sec. 926D. Reciprocity for the carrying of certain concealed firearms
    ``(a) Notwithstanding any provision of the law of any State or 
political subdivision thereof (except as provided in subsection (b)) 
and subject only to the requirements of this section, a person who is 
not prohibited by Federal law from possessing, transporting, shipping, 
or receiving a firearm, who is carrying a valid identification document 
containing a photograph of the person, and who is carrying a valid 
license or permit which is issued pursuant to the law of a State and 
which permits the person to carry a concealed firearm or is entitled to 
carry a concealed firearm in the State in which the person resides, may 
possess or carry a concealed handgun (other than a machinegun or 
destructive device) that has been shipped or transported in interstate 
or foreign commerce, in any State that--
            ``(1) has a statute under which residents of the State may 
        apply for a license or permit to carry a concealed firearm; or
            ``(2) does not prohibit the carrying of concealed firearms 
        by residents of the State for lawful purposes.
    ``(b) This section shall not be construed to supersede or limit the 
laws of any State that--
            ``(1) permit private persons or entities to prohibit or 
        restrict the possession of concealed firearms on their 
        property; or
            ``(2) prohibit or restrict the possession of firearms on 
        any State or local government property, installation, building, 
        base, or park.
    ``(c)(1) A person who carries or possesses a concealed handgun in 
accordance with subsections (a) and (b) may not be arrested or 
otherwise detained for violation of any law or any rule or regulation 
of a State or any political subdivision thereof related to the 
possession, transportation, or carrying of firearms unless there is 
probable cause to believe that the person is doing so in a manner not 
provided for by this section. Presentation of facially valid documents 
as specified in subsection (a) is prima facie evidence that the 
individual has a license or permit as required by this section.
    ``(2) When a person asserts this section as a defense in a criminal 
proceeding, the prosecution shall bear the burden of proving, beyond a 
reasonable doubt, that the conduct of the person did not satisfy the 
conditions set forth in subsections (a) and (b).
    ``(3) When a person successfully asserts this section as a defense 
in a criminal proceeding, the court shall award the prevailing 
defendant a reasonable attorney's fee.
    ``(d)(1) A person who is deprived of any right, privilege, or 
immunity secured by this section, under color of any statute, 
ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage of any State or any political 
subdivision thereof, may bring an action in any appropriate court 
against any other person, including a State or political subdivision 
thereof, who causes the person to be subject to the deprivation, for 
damages or other appropriate relief.
    ``(2) The court shall award a plaintiff prevailing in an action 
brought under paragraph (1) damages and such other relief as the court 
deems appropriate, including a reasonable attorney's fee.
    ``(e) In subsection (a):
            ``(1) The term `identification document' means a document 
        made or issued by or under the authority of the United States 
        Government, a State, or a political subdivision of a State 
        which, when completed with information concerning a particular 
        individual, is of a type intended or commonly accepted for the 
        purpose of identification of individuals.
            ``(2) The term `handgun' includes any magazine for use in a 
        handgun and any ammunition loaded into the handgun or its 
        magazine.
    ``(f)(1) A person who possesses or carries a concealed handgun 
under subsection (a) shall not be subject to the prohibitions of 
section 922(q) with respect to that handgun.
    ``(2) A person possessing or carrying a concealed handgun in a 
State under subsection (a) may do so in any of the following areas in 
the State that are open to the public:
            ``(A) A unit of the National Park System.
            ``(B) A unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System.
            ``(C) Public land under the jurisdiction of the Bureau of 
        Land Management.
            ``(D) Land administered and managed by the Army Corps of 
        Engineers.
            ``(E) Land administered and managed by the Bureau of 
        Reclamation.
            ``(F) Land administered and managed by the Forest 
        Service.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 926C the 
following:

``926D. Reciprocity for the carrying of certain concealed firearms.''.
    (c) Severability.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
title, if any provision of this section, or any amendment made by this 
section, or the application of such provision or amendment to any 
person or circumstance is held to be unconstitutional, this section and 
amendments made by this section and the application of such provision 
or amendment to other persons or circumstances shall not be affected 
thereby.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 102. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    Nothing in this title prohibits a law enforcement officer with 
reasonable suspicion of a violation of any law from conducting a brief 
investigative stop in accordance with the Constitution of the United 
States.

SEC. 103. CERTAIN OFF-DUTY LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS AND RETIRED LAW 
              ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS ALLOWED TO CARRY A CONCEALED 
              FIREARM, AND DISCHARGE A FIREARM, IN A SCHOOL ZONE.

    Section 922(q) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                    (A) by striking ``or'' at the end of clause (vi); 
                and
                    (B) by redesignating clause (vii) as clause (ix) 
                and inserting after clause (vi) the following:
            ``(vii) by an off-duty law enforcement officer who is a 
        qualified law enforcement officer (as defined in section 926B) 
        and is authorized under such section to carry a concealed 
        firearm, if the firearm is concealed;
            ``(viii) by a qualified retired law enforcement officer (as 
        defined in section 926C) who is authorized under such section 
        to carry a concealed firearm, if the firearm is concealed; 
        or''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3)(B)--
                    (A) by striking ``or'' at the end of clause (iii);
                    (B) by striking the period at the end of clause 
                (iv) and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(v) by an off-duty law enforcement officer who is a 
        qualified law enforcement officer (as defined in section 926B) 
        and is authorized under such section to carry a concealed 
        firearm; or
            ``(vi) by a qualified retired law enforcement officer (as 
        defined in section 926C) who is authorized under such section 
        to carry a concealed firearm.''.

SEC. 104. INTERSTATE CARRYING OF FIREARMS BY FEDERAL JUDGES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, as 
amended by section 101(a) of this Act, is amended by inserting after 
section 926D the following:
``Sec. 926E. Interstate carrying of firearms by Federal judges
    ``Notwithstanding any provision of the law of any State or 
political subdivision thereof, a Federal judge may carry a concealed 
firearm in any State if such judge is not prohibited by Federal law 
from receiving a firearm.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for such chapter, as 
amended by section 101(b) of this Act, is amended by inserting after 
the item relating to section 926D the following:

``926E. Interstate carrying of firearms by Federal judges.''.

                         TITLE II--FIX NICS ACT

SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Fix NICS Act of 2017''.

SEC. 202. ACCOUNTABILITY FOR FEDERAL DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES.

    Section 103 of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (34 U.S.C. 
40901) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (e)(1), by adding at the end the 
        following:
                    ``(F) Semiannual certification and reporting.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The head of each Federal 
                        department or agency shall submit a semiannual 
                        written certification to the Attorney General 
                        indicating whether the department or agency is 
                        in compliance with the record submission 
                        requirements under subparagraph (C).
                            ``(ii) Submission dates.--The head of a 
                        Federal department or agency shall submit a 
                        certification to the Attorney General under 
                        clause (i)--
                                    ``(I) not later than July 31 of 
                                each year, which shall address all 
                                relevant records, including those that 
                                have not been transmitted to the 
                                Attorney General, in possession of the 
                                department or agency during the period 
                                beginning on January 1 of the year and 
                                ending on June 30 of the year; and
                                    ``(II) not later than January 31 of 
                                each year, which shall address all 
                                relevant records, including those that 
                                have not been transmitted to the 
                                Attorney General, in possession of the 
                                department or agency during the period 
                                beginning on July 1 of the previous 
                                year and ending on December 31 of the 
                                previous year.
                            ``(iii) Contents.--A certification required 
                        under clause (i) shall state, for the 
                        applicable period--
                                    ``(I) the total number of records 
                                of the Federal department or agency 
                                demonstrating that a person falls 
                                within one of the categories described 
                                in subsection (g) or (n) of section 922 
                                of title 18, United States Code;
                                    ``(II) for each category of records 
                                described in subclause (I), the total 
                                number of records of the Federal 
                                department or agency that have been 
                                provided to the Attorney General; and
                                    ``(III) the efforts of the Federal 
                                department or agency to ensure complete 
                                and accurate reporting of relevant 
                                records, including efforts to monitor 
                                compliance and correct any reporting 
                                failures or inaccuracies.
                    ``(G) Implementation plan.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Not later than 1 year 
                        after the date of enactment of this 
                        subparagraph, the head of each Federal 
                        department or agency, in coordination with the 
                        Attorney General, shall establish a plan to 
                        ensure maximum coordination and automated 
                        reporting or making available of records to the 
                        Attorney General as required under subparagraph 
                        (C), and the verification of the accuracy of 
                        those records, including the pre-validation of 
                        those records, where appropriate, during a 4-
                        year period specified in the plan. The head of 
                        each Federal department or agency shall update 
                        the plan biennially, to the extent necessary, 
                        based on the most recent biennial assessment 
                        under subparagraph (K). The records shall be 
                        limited to those of an individual described in 
                        subsection (g) or (n) of section 922 of title 
                        18, United States Code.
                            ``(ii) Benchmark requirements.--Each plan 
                        established under clause (i) shall include 
                        annual benchmarks to enable the Attorney 
                        General to assess implementation of the plan, 
                        including--
                                    ``(I) qualitative goals and 
                                quantitative measures;
                                    ``(II) measures to monitor internal 
                                compliance, including any reporting 
                                failures and inaccuracies;
                                    ``(III) a needs assessment, 
                                including estimated compliance costs; 
                                and
                                    ``(IV) an estimated date by which 
                                the Federal department or agency will 
                                fully comply with record submission 
                                requirements under subparagraph (C).
                            ``(iii) Compliance determination.--Not 
                        later than the end of each fiscal year 
                        beginning after the date of the establishment 
                        of a plan under clause (i), the Attorney 
                        General shall determine whether the applicable 
                        Federal department or agency has achieved 
                        substantial compliance with the benchmarks 
                        included in the plan.
                    ``(H) Accountability.--The Attorney General shall 
                publish, including on the website of the Department of 
                Justice, and submit to the Committee on the Judiciary 
                and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and 
                the Committee on the Judiciary and the Committee on 
                Appropriations of the House of Representatives a 
                semiannual report that discloses--
                            ``(i) the name of each Federal department 
                        or agency that has failed to submit a required 
                        certification under subparagraph (F);
                            ``(ii) the name of each Federal department 
                        or agency that has submitted a required 
                        certification under subparagraph (F), but 
                        failed to certify compliance with the record 
                        submission requirements under subparagraph (C);
                            ``(iii) the name of each Federal department 
                        or agency that has failed to submit an 
                        implementation plan under subparagraph (G);
                            ``(iv) the name of each Federal department 
                        or agency that is not in substantial compliance 
                        with an implementation plan under subparagraph 
                        (G);
                            ``(v) a detailed summary of the data, 
                        broken down by department or agency, contained 
                        in the certifications submitted under 
                        subparagraph (F);
                            ``(vi) a detailed summary of the contents 
                        and status, broken down by department or 
                        agency, of the implementation plans established 
                        under subparagraph (G); and
                            ``(vii) the reasons for which the Attorney 
                        General has determined that a Federal 
                        department or agency is not in substantial 
                        compliance with an implementation plan 
                        established under subparagraph (G).
                    ``(I) Noncompliance penalties.--For each of fiscal 
                years 2019 through 2022, each political appointee of a 
                Federal department or agency that has failed to certify 
                compliance with the record submission requirements 
                under subparagraph (C), and is not in substantial 
                compliance with an implementation plan established 
                under subparagraph (G), shall not be eligible for the 
                receipt of bonus pay, excluding overtime pay, until the 
                department or agency--
                            ``(i) certifies compliance with the record 
                        submission requirements under subparagraph (C); 
                        or
                            ``(ii) achieves substantial compliance with 
                        an implementation plan established under 
                        subparagraph (G).
                    ``(J) Technical assistance.--The Attorney General 
                may use funds made available for the national instant 
                criminal background check system established under 
                subsection (b) to provide technical assistance to a 
                Federal department or agency, at the request of the 
                department or agency, in order to help the department 
                or agency comply with the record submission 
                requirements under subparagraph (C).
                    ``(K) Biennial assessment.--Every 2 years, the 
                Attorney General shall assess the extent to which the 
                actions taken under the title II of the Concealed Carry 
                Reciprocity Act of 2017 have resulted in improvements 
                in the system established under this section.
                    ``(L) Application to federal courts.--For purposes 
                of this paragraph--
                            ``(i) the terms `department or agency of 
                        the United States' and `Federal department or 
                        agency' include a Federal court; and
                            ``(ii) the Director of the Administrative 
                        Office of the United States Courts shall 
                        perform, for a Federal court, the functions 
                        assigned to the head of a department or 
                        agency.''; and
            (2) in subsection (g), by adding at the end the following: 
        ``For purposes of the preceding sentence, not later than 60 
        days after the date on which the Attorney General receives such 
        information, the Attorney General shall determine whether or 
        not the prospective transferee is the subject of an erroneous 
        record and remove any records that are determined to be 
        erroneous. In addition to any funds made available under 
        subsection (k), the Attorney General may use such sums as are 
        necessary and otherwise available for the salaries and expenses 
        of the Federal Bureau of Investigation to comply with this 
        subsection.''.

SEC. 203. NICS ACT RECORD IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Requirements To Obtain Waiver.--Section 102 of the NICS 
Improvement Amendments Act of 2007(34 U.S.C. 40912) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the first sentence--
                    (A) by striking ``the Crime Identification 
                Technology Act of 1988 (42 U.S.C. 14601)'' and 
                inserting ``section 102 of the Crime Identification 
                Technology Act of 1998 (34 U.S.C. 40301)''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``is in compliance with an 
                implementation plan established under subsection (b) 
                or'' before ``provides at least 90 percent of the 
                information described in subsection (c)''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)(B), by inserting ``or has 
        established an implementation plan under section 107'' after 
        ``the Attorney General''.
    (b) Implementation Assistance to States.--Section 103 of the NICS 
Improvement Amendments Act of 2007 (34 U.S.C. 40913) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(3), by inserting before the semicolon 
        at the end the following: ``, including through increased 
        efforts to pre-validate the contents of those records to 
        expedite eligibility determinations'';
            (2) in subsection (e), by striking paragraph (2) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(2) Domestic abuse and violence prevention initiative.--
                    ``(A) Establishment.--For each of fiscal years 2018 
                through 2022, the Attorney General shall create a 
                priority area under the NICS Act Record Improvement 
                Program (commonly known as `NARIP') for a Domestic 
                Abuse and Violence Prevention Initiative that 
                emphasizes the need for grantees to identify and upload 
                all felony conviction records and domestic violence 
                records.
                    ``(B) Funding.--The Attorney General--
                            ``(i) may use not more than 50 percent of 
                        the amounts made available under section 207 of 
                        the Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act of 2017 for 
                        each of fiscal years 2018 through 2022 to carry 
                        out the initiative described in subparagraph 
                        (A); and
                            ``(ii) shall give a funding preference 
                        under NARIP to States that--
                                    ``(I) have established an 
                                implementation plan under section 107; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) will use amounts made 
                                available under this subparagraph to 
                                improve efforts to identify and upload 
                                all felony conviction records and 
                                domestic violence records described in 
                                clauses (i), (v), and (vi) of section 
                                102(b)(1)(C) by not later than 
                                September 30, 2022.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Technical Assistance.--The Attorney General shall direct the 
Office of Justice Programs, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, 
and Explosives, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation to--
            ``(1) assist States that are not currently eligible for 
        grants under this section to achieve compliance with all 
        eligibility requirements; and
            ``(2) provide technical assistance and training services to 
        grantees under this section.''.

SEC. 204. NATIONAL CRIMINAL HISTORY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) State Grant Program for Criminal Justice Identification, 
Information, and Communication.--Section 102 of the Crime 
Identification Technology Act of 1998 (34 U.S.C. 40301) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(3)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (C), (D), and 
                (E) as subparagraphs (D), (E), and (F), respectively; 
                and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                following:
                    ``(C) identification of all individuals who have 
                been convicted of a crime punishable by imprisonment 
                for a term exceeding 1 year'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(6)--
                    (A) by striking ``(18 U.S.C. 922 note)'' and 
                inserting ``(34 U.S.C. 40901(b))''; and
                    (B) by inserting before the semicolon at the end 
                the following: ``, including through increased efforts 
                to pre-validate the contents of felony conviction 
                records and domestic violence records to expedite 
                eligibility determinations, and measures and resources 
                necessary to establish and achieve compliance with an 
                implementation plan under section 107 of the NICS 
                Improvement Amendments Act of 2007''; and
            (3) in subsection (d), by inserting after ``unless'' the 
        following: ``the State has achieved compliance with an 
        implementation plan under section 107 of the NICS Improvement 
        Amendments Act of 2007 or''.
    (b) Grants for the Improvement of Criminal Records.--Section 
106(b)(1) of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (34 U.S.C. 
40302(1)) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) by striking ``as of the date of enactment of 
                this Act'' and inserting ``, as of the date of 
                enactment of the Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act of 
                2017,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``files,'' and inserting the 
                following: ``files and that will utilize funding under 
                this subsection to prioritize the identification and 
                transmittal of felony conviction records and domestic 
                violence records,'';
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (3) in subparagraph (C)--
                    (A) by striking ``upon establishment of the 
                national system,''; and
                    (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting 
                ``; and''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following--
                    ``(D) to establish and achieve compliance with an 
                implementation plan under section 107 of the NICS 
                Improvement Amendments Act of 2007.''.

SEC. 205. IMPROVING INFORMATION SHARING WITH THE STATES.

    (a) In General.--Title I of the NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 
2007 (34 U.S. 40911 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``SEC. 107. IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.

    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of the Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act of 2017, the Attorney 
General, in coordination with the States and Indian tribal governments, 
shall establish, for each State or Indian tribal government, a plan to 
ensure maximum coordination and automation of the reporting or making 
available of appropriate records to the National Instant Criminal 
Background Check System established under section 103 of the Brady 
Handgun Violence Prevention Act (34 U.S.C. 40901) and the verification 
of the accuracy of those records during a 4-year period specified in 
the plan, and shall update the plan biennially, to the extent 
necessary, based on the most recent biennial assessment under 
subsection (f). The records shall be limited to those of an individual 
described in subsection (g) or (n) of section 922 of title 18, United 
States Code.
    ``(b) Benchmark Requirements.--Each plan established under this 
section shall include annual benchmarks to enable the Attorney General 
to assess the implementation of the plan, including--
            ``(1) qualitative goals and quantitative measures; and
            ``(2) a needs assessment, including estimated compliance 
        costs.
    ``(c) Compliance Determination.--Not later than the end of each 
fiscal year beginning after the date of the establishment of an 
implementation plan under this section, the Attorney General shall 
determine whether each State or Indian tribal government has achieved 
substantial compliance with the benchmarks included in the plan.
    ``(d) Accountability.--The Attorney General--
            ``(1) shall disclose and publish, including on the website 
        of the Department of Justice--
                    ``(A) the name of each State or Indian tribal 
                government that received a determination of failure to 
                achieve substantial compliance with an implementation 
                plan under subsection (c) for the preceding fiscal 
                year; and
                    ``(B) a description of the reasons for which the 
                Attorney General has determined that the State or 
                Indian tribal government is not in substantial 
                compliance with the implementation plan, including, to 
                the greatest extent possible, a description of the 
                types and amounts of records that have not been 
                submitted; and
            ``(2) if a State or Indian tribal government described in 
        paragraph (1) subsequently receives a determination of 
        substantial compliance, shall--
                    ``(A) immediately correct the applicable record; 
                and
                    ``(B) not later than 3 days after the 
                determination, remove the record from the website of 
                the Department of Justice and any other location where 
                the record was published.
    ``(e) Incentives.--For each of fiscal years 2018 through 2022, the 
Attorney General shall give affirmative preference to all Bureau of 
Justice Assistance discretionary grant applications of a State or 
Indian tribal government that received a determination of substantial 
compliance under subsection (c) for the fiscal year in which the grant 
was solicited.
    ``(f) Biennial Assessment.--Every 2 years, the Attorney General 
shall assess the extent to which the actions taken under title II of 
the Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act of 2017 have resulted in 
improvements in the National Instant Criminal Background Check System 
established under section 103 of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention 
Act (34 U.S.C. 40903).

``SEC. 108. NOTIFICATION TO LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES OF PROHIBITED 
              PURCHASE OF A FIREARM.

    ``(a) In General.--In the case of a background check conducted by 
the National Instant Criminal Background Check System pursuant to the 
request of a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, or licensed 
dealer of firearms (as such terms are defined in section 921 of title 
18, United States Code), which background check determines that the 
receipt of a firearm by a person would violate subsection (g) or (n) of 
section 922 of title 18, United States Code, and such determination is 
made after 3 business days have elapsed since the licensee contacted 
the System and a firearm has been transferred to that person, the 
System shall notify the law enforcement agencies described in 
subsection (b).
    ``(b) Law Enforcement Agencies Described.--The law enforcement 
agencies described in this subsection are the law enforcement agencies 
that have jurisdiction over the location from which the licensee 
contacted the system and the law enforcement agencies that have 
jurisdiction over the location of the residence of the person for which 
the background check was conducted, as follows:
            ``(1) The field office of the Federal Bureau of 
        Investigation.
            ``(2) The local law enforcement agency.
            ``(3) The State law enforcement agency.''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 2007 (Public Law 110-180; 121 
Stat. 2559) is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
106 the following:

``Sec. 107. Implementation plan.
``Sec. 108. Notification to law enforcement agencies of prohibited 
                            purchase of a firearm.''.

SEC. 206. ATTORNEY GENERAL REPORT ON USE OF BUMP STOCKS IN CRIME.

    (a) In General.--Using amounts made available for research, 
evaluation, or statistical purposes, within 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall prepare and 
submit to the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate a 
written report that--
            (1) specifies the number of instances in which a bump stock 
        has been used in the commission of a crime in the United 
        States;
            (2) specifies the types of firearms with which a bump stock 
        has been so used; and
            (3) contains the opinion of the Attorney General as to 
        whether subparagraphs (B)(i) and (C)(i) of section 924(c)(1) of 
        title 18, United States Code, apply to all instances in which a 
        bump stock has been used in the commission of a crime of 
        violence in the United States.
    (b) Definition of Bump Stock.--In this section, the term ``bump 
stock'' means a device that--
            (1) attaches to a semiautomatic rifle (as defined in 
        section 921(a)(28) of title 18, United States Code);
            (2) is designed and intended to repeatedly activate the 
        trigger without the deliberate and volitional act of the user 
        pulling the trigger each time the firearm is fired; and
            (3) functions by continuous forward pressure applied to the 
        rifle's fore end in conjunction with a linear forward and 
        backward sliding motion of the mechanism utilizing the recoil 
        energy when the rifle is discharged.

SEC. 207. AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) In General.--There is authorized to be appropriated 
$100,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2022 to carry out, 
in accordance with the NICS Act Record Improvement Program and the 
National Criminal History Improvement Program, the activities under--
            (1) section 102 of the NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 
        2007;
            (2) section 103 of the NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 
        2007;
            (3) section 102 of the Crime Identification Technology Act 
        of 1998; and
            (4) section 106(b) of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention 
        Act.
    (b) Additional Authorizations.--Section 1001(a) of the Omnibus 
Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10261(a)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``$33,000,000'' and inserting 
                ``$31,000,000'';
                    (B) by striking ``1994 and 1995'' and inserting 
                ``2018 through 2022''; and
                    (C) by inserting ``, in addition to any amounts 
                otherwise made available for research, evaluation or 
                statistical purposes in a fiscal year'' before the 
                period; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``$33,000,000'' and inserting 
                ``$27,000,000'';
                    (B) by striking ``1994 and 1995'' and inserting 
                ``2018 through 2022''; and
                    (C) by inserting ``, in addition to any amounts 
                otherwise made available for research, evaluation or 
                statistical purposes in a fiscal year'' before the 
                period.

            Passed the House of Representatives December 6, 2017.

            Attest:

                                                                 Clerk.
115th CONGRESS

  1st Session

                                H. R. 38

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT

  To amend title 18, United States Code, to provide a means by which 
 nonresidents of a State whose residents may carry concealed firearms 
                      may also do so in the State.

About Keith Finch

Keith Finch
Keith is the Editor-in-Chief of GAT Marketing editor@gatdaily.com A USMC Infantry Veteran and Small Arms and Artillery Technician, Keith covers the evolving training and technology from across the shooting industry. A Certified Instructor since 2009 he has taught concealed weapons courses in the West Michigan area in the years since and continues to pursue training and teaching opportunities as they arise.

Check Also

SHOT 2018 T-Minus One Week: Product Interest Leaders

We’re only 7 days away from the NSSF hosted industry show that sets the stage every …